**No single search finds everything**I want to collect detailed examples of the tools and procedures I've demonstrated in class so that you can review strategies and follow my logic at leisure, and even follow up on the subject if it interests you.

**Every search tells you something**

**Keeping track of process is essential**

I'm going to use the examples of 'chaos in biology' and 'mitochondrial dna' throughout the several classes in the "Library Portion" of the course, partly because they are interesting and timely, but also because they exemplify the complexities one encounters in the Real World of doing research in scientific literatures. One is forever meeting new ideas and terms that need to be incorporated, happening serendipitously upon unexpected parallel universes, wandering off down fascinating detours, and discovering that it's necessary to reorganize one's own maps of knowledge.

I'll begin with a very general search in materials that are close by:

If I do a first search in Annie for the keywords
*CHAOS* and *BIOLOGY*
here's what I get:

You searched for the KEYWORD: chaos biology W&L CATALOG 3 entries found, entries 1-3 are: LOCATIONS 1 Man's rage for chaos; biology, behavior, and th LEYBURN 2 Nonlinear dynamics and Chaos : with application LEYBURN 3 The Post-modern reader LEYBURNThat's pretty meagre, and in fact only one looks all that relevant to what I've been led to believe is a hot new topic, essential for the budding biologist to grapple with. #2 is a possibility:

AUTHOR Strogatz, Steven H. (Steven Henry) TITLE Nonlinear dynamics and Chaos : with applications to physics, biology, chemistry, and engineering / Steven H. Strogatz. PUBLISHER Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley Pub., c1994. SUBJECT Chaotic behavior in systems. Dynamics. Nonlinear theories. 1 > Leyburn Library Q172.5.C45 S767 1994How could I BROADEN the search? One possibility is to consider that there are some closely related words that MIGHT turn up: 'chaotic', 'biological', probably others. So another search, this time for

chao* biolog*will perhaps be fruitful. And it is:

Expanding "CHAO*"(hit 's' to stop): CHAO is in 30 titles. CHAOS is in 156 titles. CHAOSES is in 1 title. CHAOTIC is in 60 titles. CHAO* is in 207 titles. Expanding "BIOL*"(hit 's' to stop): BIOLAB is in 1 title. BIOLAW is in 1 title. BIOLEXICON is in 1 title. BIOLINGUISTI is in 7 titles. BIOLOGEN is in 1 title. BIOLOGIA is in 2 titles. ... You searched for the KEYWORD: chao* biol* 5 entries found, entries 1-4 are: LOCATIONS 1 Fractal physiology LEYBURN 2 From clocks to chaos : the rhythms of life LEYBURN 3 Man's rage for chaos; biology, behavior, and th LEYBURN 4 Nonlinear dynamics and Chaos : with application LEYBURN 5 The Post-modern reader LEYBURN#1 and #2 are real winners, as it turns out:

AUTHOR Bassingthwaighte, James B. TITLE Fractal physiology / James B. Bassingthwaighte, Larry S. Liebovitch, Bruce J. West. PUBLISHER New York : Published for the American Physiological Society by Oxford University Press, 1994. ... (more detail, which we'll consider later) SUBJECTOne of the bits of VALUABLE information in the Annie records is the SUBJECT headings --which are terms from the Library of Congress Subject Headings, LC's system for summarizing the 'aboutness' of books. Armed with the LCSH "Chaotic behavior in systems" we can do an H ('Heading') search in Annie to find OTHER books classified as 'about' the same subject:Chaotic behavior in systems.Fractals. Physiology --Mathematical models. Biological systems --Mathematical models. Leyburn Library QP33.6.C48 B37 1994 AUTHOR Glass, Leon, 1943- TITLE From clocks to chaos : the rhythms of life / Leon Glass and Michael C. Mackey. PUBLISHER Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press, c1988. DESCRIPT xvii, 248 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. BIBLIOG. Bibliography: p. [211]-241. NOTE Includes index. SUBJECT Biological rhythms. Biological rhythms --Mathematics. Leyburn Library QH527 .G595 1988 (note why we got this one: 'chaos' in the TITLE, and 'biolog*' caught "biological" in the SUBJECT field; that exemplifies the power of KEYWORD searching)

You searched for the SUBJECT: chaotic behavior in systems 7 SUBJECTS found, with 59 entries; SUBJECTS 1-7 are: 1 Chaotic Behavior In Systems --> See also QUANTUM CHAO 1 entry 2 Chaotic Behavior In Systems ......................... 51 entries 3 Chaotic Behavior In Systems Computer Programs ....... 1 entry 4 Chaotic Behavior In Systems Congresses .............. 3 entries 5 Chaotic Behavior In Systems Data Processing ........... 1 entry 6 Chaotic Behavior In Systems In Literature ........... 1 entry 7 Chaotic Behavior In Systems Mathematical Models Data 1 entryWe get some very interesting results, and one that turns out to be surprisingly relevant --though NOTHING in the record BUT the LCSH 'Chaotic behavior in systems' tells us that. But Katherine Hayles' book is a superb introduction to the INTELLECTUAL significance of the study of chaos. Not specifically biological, but really now what IS or should be 'just' biology?

AUTHOR Hayles, N. Katherine. TITLE Chaos bound : orderly disorder in contemporary literature and science / N. Katherine Hayles. PUBLISHER Ithaca, N.Y. : Cornell University Press, 1990. DESCRIPT xvi, 309 p. : ill. ; 24 cm. BIBLIOG. Includes bibliographical references (p. 297-304) and index. SUBJECT Literature, Modern --20th century --History and criticism. Chaotic behavior in systems in literature. Leyburn Library PN771 .H35 1990(I'd NEVER have found the book if I hadn't been adventurous in following up the results of my H search by going to the stacks and LOOKING at the book)

The 51 mainline 'Chaotic behavior in systems' items are really worth a look:

48 entries found, entries 1-8 are: LOCATIONS Chaotic Behavior In Systems 1 The age of bifurcation : understanding the chan LEYBURN 2 Applied chaos theory : a paradigm for complexit LEYBURN 3 Chance and chaos LEYBURN 4 Chaos LEYBURN 5 Chaos & complexity : discovering the surprising LEYBURN 6 Chaos and fractals : new frontiers of science LEYBURN 7 Chaos and integrability in nonlinear dynamics : CHEMISTRY 8 Chaos and nonlinear dynamics : an introduction CHEMISTRY 9 Chaos and order in the capital markets : a new LEYBURN 10 Chaos in dynamical systems LEYBURN 11 Chaos : making a new science LEYBURN 12 Chaos, noise and fractals LEYBURN 13 Chaotic and fractal dynamics : an introduction LEYBURN 14 Chaotic dynamics : an introduction PHYSICS 15 Chaotic dynamics of nonlinear systems PHYSICS 16 Chaotic evolution and strange attractors : the PHYSICS 17 Chaotic oscillations in mechanical systems PHYSICS 18 Chaotic vibrations : an introduction for applie PHYSICS 19 Chemical chaos CHEMISTRY 20 Complexity : life at the edge of chaos LEYBURN 21 Deterministic chaos : an introduction CHEMISTRY 22 The disorder of things : metaphysical foundatio LEYBURN 23 Does God play dice? : the mathematics of chaos LEYBURN 24 Exploring chaos : a guide to the new science of LEYBURN 25 A first course in chaotic dynamical systems : t PHYSICS 26 Fractal market analysis : applying chaos theory LEYBURN 27 Fractal physiology LEYBURN 28 Fractals and chaos in geology and geophysics LEYBURN 29 From catastrophe to chaos : a general theory of LEYBURN 30 Hamiltonian systems : chaos and quantization PHYSICS 31 In the wake of chaos : unpredictable order in d LEYBURN 32 Introduction to applied nonlinear dynamical sys LEYBURN 33 Introduction to chaos and coherence CHEMISTRY 34 An introduction to chaotic dynamical systems LEYBURN 35 Leadership and the new science : learning about LEYBURN 36 The Nature of chaos LEYBURN 37 Nature's chaos LEYBURN 38 Newton's clock : chaos in the solar system PHYSICS 39 Nonlinear dynamics and chaos : geometrical meth LEYBURN 40 Nonlinear dynamics and predictability of geophy GEOLOGY 41 Nonlinear dynamics, chaos, and instability : st LEYBURN 42 Nonlinear waves, solitons, and chaos PHYSICS 43 Ordre dans le chaos. PHYSICS 44 Perspectives of nonlinear dynamics PHYSICS 45 Stability, instability, and chaos : an introduc LEYBURN 46 Symmetry in chaos : a search for pattern in mat LEYBURN 47 Turbulent mirror : an illustrated guide to chao PHYSICS 48 Universality in chaos : a reprint selection PHYSICSA quick scan of just this information suggests several things: (1) a lot of chaos stuff is in Physics; (2) quite a few terms recur ('nonlinear dynamics' and 'fractal' are especially prominent). A tour in several call number regions looks like it would be profitable (AND the outliers like PN [Literature] and B [Philosophy] are especially likely to be novel):

B 1 HB 1 HG 2 PN 1 Q 18 (16 in Q172.5) QA 15 (6 in QA614.8) QB 1 QC 4 QD 1 QE 2 QP 1 TR 1(details of this search are available here if you are interested)

Now let's go back and look at the full record of the Bassingthwaighte book, because it's REALLY exceptional in what it offers. The extended 'Contents' is more and more common in online catalog records, but still pretty rare overall. In this case we have a quick education in the ambit of 'chaos' and 'fractal' in an area that is surely part of biology:

AUTHOR Bassingthwaighte, James B. TITLE Fractal physiology / James B. Bassingthwaighte, Larry S. Liebovitch, Bruce J. West. PUBLISHER New York : Published for the American Physiological Society by Oxford University Press, 1994. DESCRIPT xi, 364 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. SERIES Methods in physiology series ; 2. BIBLIOG. Includes bibliographical references (p. 328-354) and index. CONTENTS Introduction: fractals really are everywhere -- Fractals are everywhere -- Structures in space -- Processes in time -- Meaning of fractals -- Properties of fractals and chaos -- Properties of fractal phenomena in space and time -- Self- similarity: parts that look like the whole -- Scaling: the measure depends on the resolution -- Fractal dimension: a quantitative measure of self-similarity and scaling -- Surprising statistical properties of fractals -- Fractal dimension: self-similar and self-accline scaling -- Branching in the lung: power law scaling -- More complex scaling relationship: weierstrass scaling -- Branching in the lung: weierstrass scaling -- Fractal measures of heterogeneity and correlation -- Dispersional analysis -- Rescaled range analysis : the hurst exponent, H -- Correlation versus distance -- History of fractal correlation analysis -- Generating fractals -- Mandelbrot set -- Line replacement rules -- Area and volume replacement rules -- Logistic equation -- Iterated function systems -- Collage theorem -- Lindenmayer systems -- Cellular automata -- Cellular growth processes. Generating one-dimensional fractal time series -- Properties of chaotic phenomena -- Fractals and chaos share ideas and methods but they are not the same thing -- Defining properties of chaos -- Additional features of chaos -- Change in perspective -- From time to topology: is a process driven by chance or necessity -- Distinguishing chaos from randomness -- Methods suggestive of underlying chaos -- Phase space and pseudo-phase space -- Additional types of deterministic relationships -- Capacity, correlation and information dimensions -- Good news and bad news about this analysis -- Physiological applications -- Ion channel kinetics: a fractal time sequence of conformational states -- Patch clamp -- Models of ion channel kinetics -- Comparison of Markov and fractal models -- Uncovering mechanisms giving fractal channel kinetics -- Fractals in nerve and muscle -- Spread of excitation -- Fractal heart -- Fractal neurons -- Spatiotemporal organization -- Intraorgan flow heterogeneities -- Methods of measuring regional flows -- Estimating the fractal D for flow heterogeneity. Fractal vascular anatomy -- Dichotomous branching fractal network models for flow heterogeneity -- Scaling relationships within an organ -- Scaling relationships from animal to animal -- Do fractal rules extend to microvascular units -- Fractal flow and fractal washout -- Fractal growth -- Primitive growth patterns -- Influences of matrix structure on the form -- More general types of aggregation processes -- Neuronal growth patterns -- Algorithms for vascular growth -- Patterns of vascular branching -- Phylogeny versus ontogeny -- Mechanisms that produce fractals -- Fractals describe phenomena and give hints about their causes -- Single process or many processes -- Single causes that spread across many scales -- Different causes that become linked across many scales -- Chaos in physiological systems -- Cardiovascular chaos -- Metabolism -- Chaotic brain -- Physiological advantages of chaos -- Special situations. SUBJECT Chaotic behavior in systems. Fractals. Physiology --Mathematical models. Biological systems --Mathematical models. Leyburn Library QP33.6.C48 B37 1994We could continue to explore this landscape of linked terms by following up on 'fractal', noting that the term shows up in quite a few areas and even in some that are specifically biological:

You searched for the KEYWORD: fractal 15 entries found, entries 1-8 are: LOCATIONS 1 Big men and great men : personifications of pow LEYBURN 2 Chaos and fractals : the mathematics behind the LEYBURN 3 Chaotic and fractal dynamics : an introduction LEYBURN 4 The fractal geometry of nature LEYBURN 5 Fractal mode LEYBURN 6 Fractal market analysis : applying chaos theory LEYBURN 7 Fractal modelling : growth and form in biology LEYBURN 8 Fractal music, hypercards and more... : mathema LEYBURN 9 Fractal physiology LEYBURN 10 Geometries fractales. LEYBURN 11 The geometry of fractal sets PHYSICS 12 Hyperbolicity and sensitive chaotic dynamics at LEYBURN 13 Measure, topology, and fractal geometry LEYBURN 14 Newton rules biology : a physical approach to b PHYSICS 15 The Science of fractal images LEYBURN AUTHOR Kaandorp, Jaap A., 1958- TITLE Fractal modelling : growth and form in biology. PUBLISHER Berlin ; New York : Springer-Verlag, 1994. DESCRIPT xiii, 208 p. : col. ill. ; 29 cm. 1 copy ORDERED for Leyburn Library on 01-16-95 AUTHOR Pennycuick, C. J. (Colin J.) TITLE Newton rules biology : a physical approach to biological problems / C.J. Pennycuick. PUBLISHER Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1992. DESCRIPT ix, 111 p. : ill. ; 25 cm. BIBLIOG. Includes bibliographical references (p. [106]-108) and index. CONTENTS Newton still rules -- Gravity, frequency, and the method of dimensions -- Muscles as engines -- Scaling -- Fractal objects -- The functioning of ecosystems -- Ecosystems modified by human activities. SUBJECT Biomechanics. Biophysics. Animal mechanics. Physics Library QH513 .P46 1992So we've seen that our library DOES have relevant and interesting books, though some of them are located ONLY by a curiosity that goes beyond the simple plugging in of a search term.

The next thing we might try is some similar searching in a much larger library. Harvard's HOLLIS is usually my first choice.