wadmal wo(hook).dmal. Forms: <alpha>; 4, 6, 7 wadmoll, 5, 6 -male, 5, 6, 8 -mole, (5 warde-), < VD>5, 7 waddemole, (6 watmol, 7 wadmol, -nall), 6, 7 wadmell, 9 -mel, 7, 9 -mall, 9 -maal, -m ail, 7, 9 dial. -meal, 8 -miel, 9 -mil, 5, 8, 9 wadmal. <beta>; 5, 6 wedmole, 6 -mell (-moll), (7 -meill, -nel). <gamma>; 6, 7 woodmal(e, 7, 9 dial. woadmell (7 -mal, woddenell, 8 woodmeil), 9 dial. woodmail. <delta>; 8 corruptly wadmus. Also vadmal, -mel. a. ONor. vadm&aacut e;l (Norw. vadmaal, with many dial. variants; MSw. vapmal, -maal, Sw. vadmal, Da. vadmel) believed to represent an earlier *vádmál, f. vád cloth (= OE . wæd weed sb.2) + mál measure.

1. A kind of woollen cloth.

a. In England, a coarse woollen material used principally for covering horse-collars, and other rough purposes; also (esp. in the s.-w.) for petticoats, mittens, etc. Obs. exc. in wadmiltilt (see 2).

In the 16-17th c. mentioned as manufactured in Wales and at Witney (Oxon).

b. In Scotland, a woollen fabric woven in Orkney and Shetland. Now only Hist.

Down to the 17th c. the taxes of Orkney and Shetland were paid in wadmal and other commodities.

c. A woollen fabric worn by country people in Scandinavia and Iceland. Sometimes in mod.Sw. or Da. form: see vadmal, -mel.

2. attrib. or quasi-adj. chiefly in sense `made of wadmal';


wadmiltilt (see quot. 1898 and cf. quot. 1627 in 1 a).