29 December 2003 gatheration

I happened to do a couple of searches in OAIster, and then via my bookmarklets for home and acadproj...
OAIster search for sarawak AND textile (59 hits)

OAIster search for sarawak AND language (43 hits, from Ethnologue)

And some searching in my Web pages found these:
links to maps of 21609 towns and cities in Malaysia (with outlinks to images...)

several juicy links (including maps of CROP ZONES FOR FOOD PRODUCTION IN SARAWAK)

Palm Oil references from sabbatical gatheration

Annie gives 38 hits for a KW search for sarawak ...3 in particular

AUTHOR       Winzeler, Robert L.
TITLE        Latah in Southeast Asia : the history and ethnography of a 
               culture-bound syndrome / Robert L. Winzeler.
IMPRINT      Cambridge [England] ; New York : Cambridge University Press, 1995.
CALL NO.     GN635.M4 W56 1995.

AUTHOR       Bevis, William W., 1941-
TITLE        Borneo log : the struggle for Sarawak's forests 
IMPRINT      Seattle : University of Washington Press, c1995.
CALL NO.     SD538.3.M4 B48 1995.

AUTHOR       Chew, Daniel, 1953-
TITLE        Chinese pioneers on the Sarawak frontier, 1841-1941 
IMPRINT      Singapore ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1990.
CALL NO.     DS597.367.C55 C43 1990.
To pursue via ILL:
Migration and Its Alternatives Among the Iban of Sarawak by Christine Padoch

Economic Change in East Malaysia: Sabah and Sarawak Since 1850 (Studies in the Economies of East and South-East Asia) by Amarjit Kaur

The diffusion of Foochow settlement in Sibu-Binatang area, Central Sarawak, 1901-1970 by Mee Kuok Kiu

Solving Sarawak's forest and native problem (Sahabat Alam Malaysia) --see also other links (to 2001)

The making of Sarawak's new land laws / Criminalising community mapping and gathering of forest products

Planning for agrarian change : hydro-electric power, resettlement, and IBAN swidden cultivators in Sarawak, East Malaysia by Victor T. King

Politics in Sarawak 1970-1976: The Iban Perspective by Peter W. Searle


Sarawak, linguistics and development problems

Development in Sarawak : historical and contemporary perspectives / R A Cramb; Bob Reece

The potential for rural development in the new Seventh Division of Sarawak : a preliminary background report / Richard L Schwenk

Socio-economic development in Sarawak : policies and strategies for the 1990s : proceedings of a seminar held at Kuching, Sarawak, October 10-12, 1988 / Abdul Majid Mat Salleh.; Hatta Solhee.; Mohd. Yusof Kasim.

Roads, remoteness and rural development : social impacts of rural roads in upland areas of Sarawak, Malaysia Author: Windle, J and Cramb [ MI UNIV OF MICHIGAN LIBR EYM WI UNIV OF WISCONSIN, MADISON, GEN LIBR SYS GZM]

Windle, J. and R.A. Cramb (1997) Remoteness Roads and Rural Development: Economic Impacts of Rural Roads on Upland Farmers in Sarawak, Malaysia, Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 38 (1):37-53

Although Sarawak has a rapidly growing economy, the benefits of growth have been focused largely in the urban centres. However, the majority of the population lives in rural areas, where poverty, although on the decline, prevails. Attention is given to the role of rural roads in countering remoteness and, hence, promoting more equitable development. To assess the impact of rural roads, two roads were used for comparison. One provided Iban communities with access to Betong, a small district town. The other provided Bidayuh communities with access to Kuching, the capital city. This paper focuses on three economic impacts of roads – agricultural production, employment, and household income. Findings show that the impact of roads varied within an area (a function of remoteness) and between areas (also a function of remoteness). Impacts were considerably greater when roads provided communities with access to a major urban centre compared with a small town. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the government’s strategy of rural development.

Development and change in Batang Ai, Sarawak : perception of a resettled Iban community / Author(s): Ahmad Mahdzan Ayob. ; Noran Fauziah Yaakub. Year: 1991 (From: Sarawak Museum journal. Vol. 42, no. 63 (1991), p. [267]- 282)

The role of traditional institutions in rural development : community-based land tenure and government land policy in Sarawak, Malaysia / Author: Cramb, R. A.; Wills, I. R. Publication: 1990In: World development. Vol. 18, no. 3 (Mar. 1990).

Brookfield, H., Potter, L., & Byron, Y. (1995): In Place of the Forest: Environmental and Socio-economic Transformation in Borneo and the Eastern Malay Peninsula. Tokyo, United Nations University Press [LOTS of libraries have it...]

Literature on Sarawak

Dayak Bidayuh Reference List Compiled by Kron Aken

This is my attempt at building a comprehensive reference list on Bidayuh (Land Dayak) to help people who would like study Bidayuh. The references have been compiled from many sources, including internet searches. Where authors have provided abstracts, I have also included them

google search 'dayak'

Traditional Dayak tattoo in Borneo (early photographs)

google search 'batang ai' (12K+ hits)

Borneo: reaping the fruits of ecotourism

Protecting Indigenous Peoples' Privacy from "Eyes in the Sky" (Wayne Madsen) "...The Japanese conglomerates that have used GIS data to deforest Sarawak ..."

Land Surveyors Bill goes against NCR lands By M Urit

2001-10-31 | In the context of Sarawak, NCR lands are continuously being labeled unproductive (in basically economic sense only which is limiting in itself in understanding productivity) and how indigenous communities continue to be threatened by, among others, logging, the loss of land to alienating estate plantations, the unfair deals, and the loss of food self-sufficiency...

As in the case of Rh Nor, we know that since the government is none-supportive of alternative land use beyond large scale plantations, communities have turned to their own alternatives and mapping has been a tool to not just support community assertion to their NCR lands, but also shows the potential for communities to be involved in better land use management. Agroforestry, small-scale cash cropping and protection of other forest resources, river and other eco-systems, and other sustainable developmental projects are what communities and NGOs have been working on.

Since the government has been rather slow and inactive in surveying NCR lands for possible gazetting, just like those enjoyed by the Malay Reserve Lands beneficiaries, the community have been turning to survey their own lands to produce maps of not only portion of lands being claimed by various Dayak communities, but also marking on the maps of significant oral histories for the benefit of future generations.

In addition, with Sarawak's vast areas, on the ground surveys by the local communities are actually helping to improve upon the government-produced maps by verifying ground conditions with arial surveys - something which if the government were to rely on conventional ground survey by the Land and Survey staff, would take us well beyond the year in which Sarawak is supposed to achieve a developed status.

But it is obvious now that the government sees it differently. Perhaps spurred by the fact that numerous more cases are pending in court concerning NCR lands, and where community maps have been accepted by the court, the government sees this as a threat, and so moves quickly to stop community from surveying their own lands.

(see also Aboriginal Mapping Network story on the Ban

Yesterday I did a bunch of searches for material on Bakun Dam, cacheing them in SnipIt. Continued today:

google 'ekran bakun' search

...and one of my finds is three New Straits Times stories from yesterday (cached here) NB that New Starits Times offers a news archive, 1991- and searchable

The Resettlement of Indigenous People affected by the Bakun Hydro-Electric Project 1999


Bakun 'Green Energy Privatisation' from Malaysian Prime Minister's Department Economic Planning Unit

History, Background and Update on Sarawak Land Rights Struggle (8/10/91)

High Stakes: the need to control transnational logging companies (1998)

Community Mapping in Sarawak (2003 draft proposal)

Why Governments Fail to Capture Economic Rent: The Unofficial Appropriation of Rain Forest Rent by Rulers in Insular Southeast Asia Between 1970 and 1999 (David W. Brown) dissertation June 2001

The study argues that government agencies fail to collect timber rent at optimum levels because they are prevented from doing so by rulers who use their positions to build and maintain hidden ties to the timber industry through which they appropriate vast amounts of timber rent.

Proving that rulers are appropriating timber rent is accomplished through archival research, primary documents, and five years of fieldwork to identify all forest areas licensed to the largest timber conglomerates in Indonesia, Sarawak and Sabah. This research is corroborated and supplemented through structured interviews to find out whether rulers, their families, proxies, business partners, and political supporters and financiers run or own these timber concessions.

The study concludes that in Indonesia, Sarawak, and Sabah each head of state has multiple ties to timber concessions. The dissertation estimates that the three governments failed to collect 40 billion dollars in timber revenues over thirty years.

The Global Fight to Save Sarawak Tropical Rainforests

The Chief Minister of Sarawak is also the Minister of Forests. He personally decides who is granted timber concessions. The current Chief Minister and his uncle, the former Chief Minister, currently control over 50% of the timber concessions in the state. The Chief Minister, since he came to office in 1978, has amassed a personal fortune (primarily from timber concessions) of an estimated $4 billion US. (1995)

Being well connected goes a long way in Malaysia May 15 2003 (from The Age)

I am distressed by what I find as I look into how Sarawak appears on the Web, but it's in many ways a salutary experience to consider how this fits with 'stewardship', with my own past interests, with what I think or suppose I know about Malaysia, about development, about how to think and talk about the world of the early 21st century. It's the perfect frame for the courses I'm involved with, and projects them into a potentially fruitful future (if I decide to go that way) or gives me a means to tie off that line of inquiry.


Tycoon to Gain Control Of Borneo Dam Project By LESLIE LOPEZ Staff Reporter of THE WALL STREET JOURNAL The Asian Wall Street Journal 05 September 2003

KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia -- Malaysian businessman Syed Mokhtar Albukhary is poised to take over the country's Bakun hydroelectric dam project in Sarawak state on the island of Borneo.

GIIG Capital Sdn. Bhd., a private company controlled by Tan Sri Syed Mokhtar, signed a preliminary agreement Saturday with Malaysia's Finance Ministry to acquire as much as 60% of Sarawak Hidro Sdn. Bhd., the main operating company of the Bakun project, according to government officials.

Malaysia's Syed Mokhtar to build Borneo dam September 5, 2003 From Reuters By Patrick Chalmers

KUALA LUMPUR, Sept 5 (Reuters) - Malaysian tycoon Syed Mokhtar Albukhary has agreed to pay $254 million for control of the controversial and much-delayed Bakun dam in Borneo's Sarawak state and will manage construction of the $2.4 billion project.

Once completed in 2007, the dam would flood an area of already-logged tropical forest the size of Singapore and clear the way to build a $2.0 billion aluminium smelter that would use most of its 2,400 MW power output.

A source in one of his companies said on Friday an agreement signed between Syed Mokhtar's privately held GIIG Capital Sdn Bhd and Malaysia's Ministry of Finance will hand the businessman 60 percent of Sarawak Hidro Sdn Bhd, a state-run agency managing the project.

Malaysia's Bakun dam eyes $658mln pension fund loan October 6, 2003 From Reuters

KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 6 (Reuters) - Sarawak Hidro, manager of the construction of Southeast Asia's largest hydroelectric dam, has sought a 2.5 billion ringgit ($658 million) loan from Malaysia's state pension fund to prevent the project suffering further delays, industry sources said on Monday.

"Sarawak Hidro needs the money urgently to get construction up at full speed," one source said. "The project is already about six months behind time, and if financing cannot be obtained soon, it's going to hit trouble all over again."

The loan, to be guaranteed by the government, would inject life into the $2.4 billion Bakun dam project in Borneo's Sarawak state, which critics have described as commercially unviable and environmentally destructive.

Sources close to the deal told Reuters tycoon Syed Mokhtar Albukhary, who took control of Sarawak Hidro Sdn Bhd last month, had asked the Employees Provident Fund (EPF), the country's largest pension manager, to help get the project back in gear.

The Bakun serpent stirs again October 14, 2003 From The Edge Daily (Malaysia)

There is a theory about Bakun. Legend has it that a giant serpent slumbered in its home at the bottom of the Balui River for centuries, disrupting nothing, co-existing in a neighbourly manner with the indigenous peoples living in the area.

Sarawak smelter plant backers in place

Malaysia's planned aluminium smelter in Sarawak has financial backers in place despite the exit of state-owned Dubai Aluminium Company (Dubal), project promoter and businessman Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary said... (Source: Business Times, December 10, 2003.)

Syed Mokhtar's huge smelter project hits snag Cracks have appeared in Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary's US$2 billion aluminium smelter project in Sarawak, which will be powered by his Bakun dam project in the same state. State-owned Dubai Aluminium Company (Dubal) is not taking part in the venture - known as Smelter Asia - to churn out 500,000 tonnes of aluminium products a year... (Source: Business Times, December 6, 2003.)

GIIG Capital goes ahead with Bakun Gulf International Investment Group (GIIG) Capital is proceeding to take control of the Bakun hydroelectric power project through its proposed acquisition of a 60% stake in Sarawak Hidro Sdn Bhd for RM945 million... (Source: The Edge Daily and Dow Jones, November 21, 2003.)

Giant waste dump to be created in Sarawak

920 hectares (or 2,208 football fields) will be used to dump bauxite processing waste from alumina refinery project.

SARAWAK State Government stands to gain about RM9 billion in tax revenues for about 30-35 years from the proposed alumina refinery project in Similajau in Bintulu Division, Sarawak. The project could potentially provide jobs for 470 local residents at its initial stage and 800 when the plant reaches full production capacity in 10 years. In fact, the EIA report states that a no-project option would deprive Malaysia of many advantages.

Given this rosy picture of gain and profit presented by the EIA report, one may not suspect any malignant intent and consequences of the RM8.5 billion refinery project proposed to be undertaken by Northern Aluminium Sdn Bhd, the wholly-owned subsidiary of Comalco Aluminium Ltd of Australia.

The Australian alumina refinery plant was supposed to be built in Gladstone, Queensland, Australia, where the raw material bauxite would be supplied from the mine at Weipa in Queensland. As late as June this year, the company was still undecided on the location of the refinery and was still negotiating with suppliers of natural gas in Australia. However that plan has been shelved and Similajau has been picked as the new location.

Socio-Economic Aspects And Resettlement

Resettlement is an integral part of the Bakun dam construction. It involves displacing the affected communities together with rebuilding and improving their livelihoods, a complex and formidable process. Recognising the difficulty of resettlement and realising that people's lives will be affected, detailed studies and careful planning are being undertaken by the Sarawak State Government to ensure the successful implementation of the Resettlement Programmed for the affected communities.

Debating Bakun: Participants, Issues, Tactics

The Bakun Dam has been the subject of debate for nearly two decades. During this time a large mass of materials have been generated, documenting this debate, and that can provide the basis for a better understanding of how a project of this kind, and development issues generally, are presented and debated in public. These materials can also provide a basis for discussing the role of the media in debates about such projects, and about development.

The Bakun Dam: A Case Study