albopictus "... first found in the United States in Harris County,
Texas, in 1985, and is now present in
more than thirty states. This species is now responsible for several documented cases of dengue fever in southern Texas.
As of February
1996, established populations of the tiger mosquito have been documented
in 24 states. Most alarming is that the tiger
mosquito has demonstrated the ability to survive in states as far north as Ohio, New Jersey, and Nebraska.
Unlike the aedes
aegypti, the tiger mosquito's eggs can survive very cold winters. As a
result the tiger mosquito has great potential to carry
diseases into a substantial portion of the United States. In the Central region of the United States, this species has been linked to the
transmission of LaCrosse Encephalitis, an often fatal disease."
(Source: AMCA Newsletter, Aug. 1990)
The Asian Tiger Mosquito in New Jersey (Wayne Crans) and Ohio (William F. Lyon and Richard L. Berry) and Maryland
Species Profile from invasivespecies.gov
Pathways of Nonindigenous Species Introduction (EPA Gulf of Mexico Program)
1997 distribution in US counties and in the Americas
Aedes albopictus in the United States: Ten-Year Presence and Public Health Implications (Chester G. Moore and Carl J. Mitchell )
The Asian Tiger Mosquito (Aedes albopictus): Spatial, Ecological, and Human Implications in Southeast Virginia (CW Ratigan, VaTech MS thesis)
Key Citations: Asian Tiger Mosquito
GLOBAL CHANGE AND HUMAN SUSCEPTIBILITY TO DISEASE (Gretchen C. Daily and Paul R. Ehrlich, in Annu. Rev. Energy Environ. 1996. 21:125-144)
Web of Science selected references
Hawley W A; Reiter P; Copeland R S; Pumpuni C B; Craig G B Jr Aedes albopictus in North America: probable introduction in used tires from northern Asia. SCIENCE (1987 May 29), 236(4805), 1114-6.
American Mosquito Control Association