TSAT (UTSAT, UTSET, HUIHUI, HUI, HAINAN CHAM) [HUQ] 4,500 (1991 I. Maddieson). Southern Hainan, villages of Huixin and Huihui in the Yanglan suburban district of Sanya City. Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Western Malayo-Polynesian, Sundic, Malayic, Achinese-Chamic, Chamic, North. The phonology suggests a history of some independence from other Chamic languages (Maddieson). Their name for themselves is 'Utsat', for their language 'Tsat'. 'Huihui' or 'Hui' is the Chinese name. Typology: Tonal. Muslim. Survey needed. (from http://member.netease.com/~sparkler/art-9.htm)

Ethnologue entry

History of the Cham people

The Kingdom of Champa

"98% Have never heard the Gospel or the Name of Jesus...

MADAGASCAR and the FUTURE of the NUSANTARIAN WORLD ("Among the major ethnolinguistic groups in the world, the nusantarian family (also called "Malayo-Polynesian" or "Austronesian" by western authors) undeniably occupied the largest geographical territory prior the modern era...")

Beginnings to 1500: the Old Kingdoms and the Coming of Islam (an Indonesian timeline site)

Cham Student Association links

Chapter in Nationalism and Ethnoregional Identities in China (DS730 .N33 1998): "Unforgiven and Remembered: the impact of ethnic conflicts in everyday Muslim-Han social relations on Hainan Island" (Keng-Fong Pang), pp.142-162.